Students from outside the EU may be charged four times the fees charged to resident UK students.
It is possible that undergraduates could pay up to £35,000 a year - against a maximum of £9,000 paid by UK and EU students.
These findings are based on research conducted by The Complete University Guide. Researchers asked 110 universities across the UK how much they plan to charge in tuition fees in 2013-14.
The National Union of Students have recently stated that international students should not be treated as "cash cows".
The latest statistics from the survey of tuition fees show that there are a very broad range of fees for non-EU students studying in the UK.
Undergraduate fees charged to international students in 2013-14 start at £7,450 for lecture based courses and rise to £35,000 for undergraduate medical degrees.
International medical students at King's College London will be looking at fees of £35,000 and at UCL £33,750.
International clinical fees at medical schools in Sheffield, Southampton, Glasgow, Manchester, Nottingham, Bristol and Cambridge are all more than £30,000.
Postgraduate courses also have a very wide variation in terms of the cost of tuition fees.
Fees range from £2,000 to £27,500 a year for home and EU students but postgraduate students from outside the EU will pay fees ranging from £7,900 to the £38,500. The most expensive fees are paid by business students at the University of Oxford – the prestigious UK institution charges £41,000 for an MBA to both home and international students.
Daniel Stevens of the NUS said: "It is scandalous that non-EU students are charged fees that can be thousands of pounds higher than those for other students. International students are an important part of the social, cultural and academic make-up of university life and should not be treated simply as cash cows.”
"On top of this many have no idea what their fees will be from year to year and are sometimes forced to pay for huge unexpected increases in order to continue a course they've already started.”
A spokesperson for the organisation, Universities UK, rejected the idea that UK universities regard international students as "cash cows".
She said: "It is worth remembering that international student fees are not regulated, as is the case with home fees. UK universities compete in a global market for international students, and their tuition fees reflect this.
"The UK remains the second most popular place to study in the world after the United States and international students here report high levels of satisfaction with their experiences.”
"International students come here to study because of our reputation for having a quality higher education system and degrees that are recognised around the world."
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